During 2019, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) issued 54 cases concerning Moldova. The country was found guilty of violating the European Convention on Human Rights in 39 cases out of the 54. The data are in the report of the Government Agent on the enforcement of judgments and decisions of the ECtHR for 2019.
During 2019, the ECtHR issued 54 cases concerning Moldova. In 39 cases Moldova was found guilty of violating one of the articles of the European Convention on Human Rights.
According to a report issued by the Government Agent on the enforcement of the cases and decisions of the ECtHR in 2019, in 14 cases concerning violations of the Convention by the self-proclaimed authorities in the breakaway Transnistria region, the Court did not find any violation of the Convention by Moldova.
In these cases, the Court recognized the violation of the Convention by Russia, which continues to exercise effective control over the territory on the left bank of the Nistru river. However, in two cases against Moldova and Russia, Moldova was found responsible for violating the provisions of Articles 5, 3, and 13 of the Convention.
The judgments issued in 2019 by the ECtHR, concerning Moldova, reveal violations of the following articles of the Convention:
- Article 3 – inhuman conditions, inhuman and degrading treatment during detention and inefficient investigation of complaints in this regard (three judgments);
- Article 5 – the right to liberty and security (seven judgments);
- Article 6 – the right to a fair trial (22 judgments) and non-enforcement of judgments (five judgments);
- Article 8 – the right to respect for private and family life (four judgments);
- Article 10 – freedom of expression (one judgment);
- Article 13 – the right to an effective remedy (two judgments);
- Article 1 of Protocol no. 1 – property protection (13 decisions).
In 2019, no delays were found in paying the compensatory damages. At the same time, the Government Agent notified the
Ministry of Finance that it is necessary to enforce 39 cases and nine decisions that reached an end in 2019, involving paying compensatory damages to several people. Moldova will have to pay 536,196 euros (over 7.11 million lei) to enforce the 39 cases and nine decisions.
The report of the Government Agent on the enforcement of the judgments and decisions of the ECtHR for 2019 will be approved by the Government, and subsequently presented to the Parliament.