The Moldovan Academy of Sciences Requests to Amend the Constitution and Change the Name of the Official Language from Moldovan to Romanian
The Moldovan Academy of Sciences requests the president, president of the parliament, and prime minister, to initiate the procedure of amending Article 13 of the Constitution of Moldova, so that the current phrase, which says that the state language is ”Moldovan“, be replaced by the phrase “Romanian language.”
“The Academy of Sciences of Moldova supports the initiative of the Council of the Writers’ Union of Moldova, the Institute of Romanian Philology B.P. Hasdeu and the Institute of History to resume the call for amendment in Parliament of Article 13 of the Constitution according to scientific truth.
Restoring the correct name of our language would put an end to the endless unnecessary discussions surrounding this issue and all the speculation that has been going on for decades. The change would enhance the image of our republic around the world and ensure its process of European integration.
Through the Decisions of 1994 and 1996 of the Presidium and the General Assembly of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, during the national and international scientific conferences, in the interviews that the members of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova and its leadership gave on different occasions, our institution has repeatedly stated for the restoration of the scientific truth about the Romanian language,” it is said in the appeal published by Academy of Sciences of Moldova.
On December 5, 2013, the Constitutional Court ruled on the interpretation of Article 13 para. (1) of the Constitution in conjunction with the Preamble of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Moldova. At that time, the Court held that “the Declaration of Independence, being an integral part of the Preamble to the Constitution, has the value of a constitutional text and forms a common body with the Constitution, being the primary and immutable constitutional text of the constitutionality bloc.” Thus, the Court ruled that the name of the state language indicated in the Declaration of Independence – Romanian language, prevails over the denomination of “Moldovan language”, indicated in article 13 of the Constitution.
And in 2013, when the Constitutional Court examined this subject, the Academy of Sciences of Moldova argued that the official state language of Moldova is Romanian, and the phrase “Moldovan language, based on Latin script” in Article 13 para. (1) of the Constitution can be semantically equivalent to the Romanian language.