The gender pay gap affects more women working in the financial and communications fields, as well as in industry and health assistance.
In 2019, women’s average gross monthly salary was around 338.13 euros (6709.8 lei). According to the National Bureau of Statistics, women’s salary is 14.1 percent lower than men’s wage.
Consequently, men have a higher income than women in most economic activities, such as:
- financial and insurance – by 42.9 percent (+400 euros) more;
- communications – by 35.7 percent (+340 euros) more;
- industry – by 20.9 percent (+80 euros) more
- health and social assistance – by 19.6 percent (+80 euros) more.
Women earn higher salaries than men only in the following activities:
- administrative service activities and support service activities – by 10.7 percent (close to 30 euros) more;
- other service activities – by 6.5 percent (around 25 euros) more;
- education – by 1.1 percent (+3.40 euros) more.
“Gender pay gap in economic activities is largely the consequence of several factors, including occupation, hierarchical position at work and the level of qualification of employees,” remarks the National Bureau of Statistics.
In 2019, an employee received an average gross monthly nominal salary of around 365 euros. This is 15.4 percent (or approximately 50 euros) more than in 2018. The average net salary of an employee was 300 euros in 2019, 16.9 percent (or almost 45 euros) more than the previous year.
The average monthly labor cost was over 440 euros for an employee, 12.9 percent (or 51 euros) more than in 2018.
At the end of 2019, there were 742,100 employees. The number of employees increased by 0.4 percent or 2,700 people more compared to the same period in 2018.
The average number of employees was 625,200 people, two percent (or 12,200 people) more than in 2018.