For 23 years, since Moldova participates in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), it registered more than 600 human rights violations.
By acceding to the ECHR on September 12, 1997, Moldova pledged to respect its rights and recognized the European Court of Human Rights’ jurisdiction.
The Center for Legal Resources of Moldova (CRJM) has developed a violations summary found by the ECtHR against Moldova since the accession to the Convention. The report aims to increase the information level of specialists working with the ECtHR in Moldovan cases, facilitate the application of ECtHR standards, and prevent similar violations in the future.
Thus, between September 12, 1997, and June 30, 2020, the ECtHR issued 461 judgments, in which Moldova had 616 violations of the ECHR.
The most often violated rights are:
- the right to a fair trial (Art.6 ECHR) – 200 violations (32.5 percent);
- prohibition of torture (Art. 3 ECHR) – 142 violations (23 percent);
- the right to liberty and security (Art. 5 ECHR) – 92 violations (15 percent);
- the right to an effective appeal (Art. 13 ECHR) – 60 violations (9.7 percent);
- the right for family and private life (Art. 8 ECHR) – 30 violations (4.9 percent);
- the right to freedom of expression (Art. 10 ECHR) – 19 violations (3.1 percent).
The most common types of violations are:
- non-execution of court decisions – 68 violations (11 percent);
- illegal quashing of irrevocable court decisions – 52 violations (8.4 percent);
- detention in poor conditions – 46 violations (7.5 percent);
- defective investigation of ill-treatment and deaths – 45 violations (7.3 percent);
- ill-treatment – 31 violations (5 percent);
- deprivation of liberty contrary to national law – 28 violations (4.5 percent);
- groundless arrest – 27 violations (4.4 percent)
The synthesis was elaborated based on the study of the ECtHR law in the Moldovan cases, available on the website of the ECtHR.
Starting with 2010, the Center for Legal Resources of Moldova analyzed ECtHR’s activity in Moldovan cases for each year.